The Proximal Biceps Tendon And Anterior Shoulder Pain

Nickolas Linkous, William B Acker II, James Bicos


The proximal biceps tendon has long been known as a source of anterior shoulder pain, a common compliant fraught with diagnostic challenge due to its vague nature and myriad potential causes. Despite thorough investigation and detailed anatomic description, diagnosing the proximal biceps tendon as the culprit of anterior shoulder pain remains a challenge. Similarly, its biomechanical function in the shoulder joint continues to remain a matter of debate, as do the best methods of treatment of a painful tendon. A thorough understanding of the presentation, anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment options of a painful proximal biceps are important when addressing a patient complaining of anterior shoulder pain.

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